Main and Tertiary Roads : Present Senario

Before starting off with my blog let me ask you something, you people like adventures? Well I really do! From my childhood itself, I am crazy about adventures. One might thing why I am so fond of it rite? Well all credit goes to Indian cinemas; they always show a high speed car chasing on Indian roads and barely missing the unexpected women crossing the road with her new born baby. These things really inspired me. And I did some adventures All thanks to the Indian roads I have done many things which will take your breath away. How let me explain! The roads in Indian villages, towns and cities are bumpy and are not traffic-worthy. In villages there are ups and downs on the streets or roads and if it is dark one may stumble. Yes I have traveled through many roads in urban as well as on rural roads and trust me adventure of riding & driving on these roads is simply great. One will never feel as adventurous as you can feel on Indian roads. During the rainy season you will get add-on like more bumps, more slippery surfaces, and chance to ride or drive on hidden bumps due to rain water resting on these roads. Well it may seem funny thou but today roads has become one of the major concern for our Indian society. India is said to be the fastest developing countries today after China. Although India is doing exceptionally well in fields like education, industrialization and fashion but there are still certain areas where the country is lagging behind and one of them is bad condition of Indian roads.

According to WHO report on road safety, Less than 50% two-wheeler drivers and less than 10% passengers in India wear helmets while only 27% of drivers wear seatbelts. Between 11-49% seriously injured victims are rushed to hospital by ambulances. These are some of the key findings of the latest World Health Organization (WHO) status report on road safety released last week.

The report says that while 88 countries have reduced the number of road fatalities between 2008 and 2011, Indian roads on the contrary, have been more deadly. Not only that, but India also tops the list of total number of deaths recorded on road in 2011 at 1.43 lakh.

In India the responsibilities and Authority for road building and maintenance lies with the Central and state government. The administration of the national highway system is vested with the Ministry of State for Surface Transport in India and other state roads are preserved by the state public works departments. As far as the minor roads in the country are concerned they are up kept by the various districts, municipalities, and villages etc.

Following are the two Major Challenge’s Faced By Indian Roads Nowadays:

  *  Rural Areas

India is majorly contributed by rural population. Most of the rural areas in India do not have access to all weather roads and hence they face severe problems during the monsoons. This problem is more significant in the northern and north-eastern part of the country.

  *Urban Areas

Over Population and heavy Traffic is one of the common problems in most of the metropolitans today. Cities like Mumbai, Delhi, and Kolkata are extremely congested during office hours. This is mainly because of industrialization and the sudden rise in vehicle ownership over the last few years. Each House Hold on an average has at least 1 car. If India wants to be in tandem with the growing traffic, the government will need to construct around 15,000 km expressways in the next ten years.

Therefore, Question is that currently India’s annual expenditure on the road sector is around Rs. 20,000-30,000 crore. 

One of the major concerns right now is that behind this huge expenditure on maintaining roads there are no improvements or initiatives visible. What is Indian Government doing to maintain the road and tertiary activities in India???

Are there any actions taken??? What are our responsibilities as Indian Citizens???